Pan-Arabism, Nationalist notion of cultural and political unity among Arab countries
Its origins lie in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, when increased literacy led to a cultural and literary renaissance among Arabs of the Middle East. This contributed to political agitation and led to the independence of most Arab states from the Ottoman Empire (1918) and from the European powers (by the mid-20th century).
An important event was the founding in 1943 of the Baʿth Party, which formed branches in several countries and became the ruling party in Syria and Iraq.
Another was the founding of the Arab League in 1945.
Pan-Arabism’s most charismatic and effective proponent was Egypt’s Gamal Abdel Nasser. After Nasser’s death, Syria’s Ḥāfiẓ al-Assad, Iraq’s Ṣaddām Ḥussein, and Libya’s Muammar al-Qaddafi tried to assume the mantle of Arab leadership.
(The skynet blog http://brusselbruxellesbrussels.skynetblogs.be/ where there are a lot of publications about the war on Syria and the so called Israeli-Palestinian Peace Talks, is actually inaccessible for its administrators. Censorship started some days ago with the removal of some pictures)