Latest News Peace Talks Syria…

victim.of.the.saudi.war.on.Syria.jpg

Photos: 1) Syrian woman, praying for peace  2) Picture of a U.S. military base in Qatar, thousands of warplanes. A part of it is used to bombard Afghanistan.

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In 2012 Qatar bought 200 “Leopard 2″ battle tanks and the German government responded positively to the Saudis request to buy up to 270 of the Leopard 2 tanks. In a new request, the sheikhs petitioned the German government for its approval of the purchase of a few hundred “Boxer” armed transport vehicles.
https://latestnewssyria.wordpress.com/2013/12/21/peace-talks-syria-german-weapons-business/

July 17, 2012 – USA and Al Qaeda: Holy Alliance:
http://www.strategic-culture.org/pview/2012/07/17/usa-and…

June 25, 2013 – Saudi Arabia: ‘Syrian rebels must be armed’
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/jun/25/saudi-arabia…

November 7, 2013 – Syria: Saudi Arabia to spend millions to train new rebel force
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/nov/07/syria-crisis…

December 12, 2013 – Why Is Saudi Arabia Buying 15,000 U.S. Anti-Tank Missiles for a War It Will Never Fight?
http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2013/12/12/why_is_s…

December 18, 2013 – Ambassador: Saudi Ready to Act ‘With or Without’ West
http://www.naharnet.com/stories/en/110367-ambassador-saud…

December 18, 2013 – Germany: U.S. Opens New Training Range For Global NATO Warfare
http://rickrozoff.wordpress.com/2013/12/18/germany-u-s-op…

December 21, 2013 – U.S. blocking Iranian role in Syrian peace talks next month – Thirty countries, including Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Kuwait, have been invited to participate in the opening session of the peace conference…
http://www.haaretz.com/news/middle-east/1.564633

About kruitvat

I am working for the Belgian human rights association 'Werkgroep Morkhoven' which revealed the Zandvoort childporn case (88.539 victims). The case was covered up by the authorities. During the past years I have been really shocked by the way the rich countries of the western empire want to rule the world. One of my blogs: «Latest News Syria» (WordPress)/ Je travaille pour le 'Werkgroep Morkhoven', un groupe d'action qui a révélé le réseau pornographique d'enfants 'Zandvoort' (88.539 victims). Cette affaire a été couverte par les autorités. Au cours des dernières années, j'ai été vraiment choqué par la façon dont l'Occident et les pays riches veulent gouverner le monde. Un de mes blogs: «Latest News Syria» (WordPress)/ Ik werk voor de Werkgroep Morkhoven die destijds de kinderpornozaak Zandvoort onthulde (88.539 slachtoffers). Deze zaak werd door de overheid op een misdadige manier toegedekt. Gedurende de voorbije jaren was ik werkelijke geschokt door de manier waarop het rijke westen de wereld wil overheersen. Bezoek onze blog «Latest News Syria» (WordPress) ------- Photo: victims of the NATO-bombings on the Chinese embassy in Yougoslavia
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3 Responses to Latest News Peace Talks Syria…

  1. kruitvat says:

    S. 617: Syria Democratic Transition Act of 2013 (1)
    113th Congress, 2013–2015. Text as of Mar 19, 2013
    https://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/113/s617/text

    113th CONGRESS

    1st Session

    S. 617

    IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

    March 19, 2013

    Mr. Casey (for himself and Mr. Rubio) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations

    A BILL

    To provide humanitarian assistance and support a democratic transition in Syria, and for other purposes.

    1. SHORT TITLE
    This Act may be cited as the Syria Democratic Transition Act of 2013 .

    2. FINDINGS
    Congress makes the following findings:

    (1) In March 2011, peaceful demonstrations in Syria began against the authoritarian rule of Bashar al-Assad. The regime responded with terrible violence against the citizens of Syria, including the use of weapons of war, torture, extrajudicial killings, arbitrary executions, sexual violence, and interference with access to medical treatment.
    (2) In December 2011, the Government of Syria agreed to allow an Arab League observer group into the country to assess the humanitarian and political situation on the ground. However, on January 28, 2012, the League officially ended its observer mission, citing escalating violence and the intransigence of the Assad regime.
    (3) In February 2012, the group Friends of the Syrian People met in Tunis and issued a declaration demanding, among other things, that the Syrian regime allow free and unimpeded access by the United Nations and humanitarian agencies to carry out a full assessment of needs.
    (4) On March 16, 2012, United Nations and League of Arab States Special Envoy Kofi Annan presented a six-point peace plan for Syria that called on the Government of Syria to, among other things—
    (A) commit to stop the fighting and urgently achieve a United Nations-supervised cessation of violence;
    (B) cease military activity in and around civilian population centers;
    (C) work with the Envoy in an inclusive Syrian-led political process;
    (D) ensure timely provision of humanitarian assistance;
    (E) release arbitrarily detained persons;
    (F) ensure freedom of movement for journalists; and
    (G) respect freedom of association and the right to demonstrate peacefully.
    (5) As of February 2013, the United Nations estimated that nearly 70,000 people have been killed as a result of the violence in Syria.
    (6) As a result of the violence, the United Nations estimates that 4,000,000 people are in need of humanitarian assistance, including access to food, water, shelter, and medical care: the Syrian Arab Red Crescent estimates that, more than 2,500,000 are internally displaced in Syria. Basic services such as health care, education, electricity, and water have also been cut off in some parts of the country.
    (7) Syria faces growing food insecurity, as wheat harvests have declined due to drought. The United Nations has been providing food aid to 1,500,000 Syrians since September 2012, with the number of people requiring such aid expected to reach 2,500,000 people in the months following February 2013.
    (8) Millions of Syrians have fled their homes due to escalating violence. According to the United Nations, there are more than 1,000,000 Syrian refugees registered in Lebanon, Turkey, Jordan, Egypt, and Iraq, and even more who are unregistered. Also according to the Syrian Arab Red Crescent, more than 2,500,000 Syrians are displaced within the country. More than three-quarters of refugees and internally displaced persons are women and children, who are particularly vulnerable to economic and physical insecurity.
    (9) In January 2013, a donor pledging conference was held in Kuwait, pledging an additional $1,500,000,000 in humanitarian assistance to the existing $1,000,000,000 already provided for Syria. The Governments of Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates each pledged $300,000,000. Kuwait’s ambassador to the European Union called it the largest humanitarian pledging conference in the history of the United Nations. According to the United Nations, only 13 percent of the $1,500,000,000 pledged in Kuwait has been received to date.
    (10) Challenges exist to ensure this assistance reaches those who need it. An agreement between the United Nations and the Syrian regime to facilitate the delivery of humanitarian assistance in the country has allowed aid workers greater access to victims of the conflict. However, staff of the International Committee of the Red Cross and the Syrian Arab Red Crescent cite security concerns as a major obstacle to aid distribution. The Government of Syria is also refusing to grant visas for aid workers from countries that have criticized the regime, including the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and France.
    (11) Amnesty International’s 2012 Annual Report on Syria, along with the findings of other human rights groups, details a number of atrocities in Syria. In November 2012, the United Nations Human Rights Council’s Independent International Commission of Inquiry indicated that Syria’s military forces have employed killings, torture, rape and other forms of sexual violence, imprisonment, or other forms of severe deprivation of liberty and enforced disappearances to maintain their hold on the country. Human Rights Watch raises concerns that authorities in Syria could choose to kill detainees rather than allow them to be released in the event of a political transition.
    (12) As of March 2013, according to the Department of State, the United States Government has provided nearly $385,000,000 in humanitarian assistance to support those affected by the violence in Syria. On February 28, 2013, the United States Government announced its plans to provide an additional $63,000,000 in non-lethal assistance to the Syrian Opposition Coalition and the Supreme Military Council.
    (13) On February 18, 2013, the Council of the European Union called on the Syrian regime to allow the delivery of humanitarian assistance to reach all those in need and amended their sanctions against the regime to allow greater non-lethal support and technical assistance to the opposition for the protection of civilians.
    (14) The February 26, 2013, communique by the Friends of the Syrian People International Working Group on Sanctions called on all states to take steps, in their own capacity, by imposing, at a minimum, an asset freeze on senior Syrian regime officials involved in the repression, as well as an asset freeze on, and restrictions on transactions with banks tied with the Syrian regime such as the Central Bank of Syria, the Commercial Bank of Syria and the Syrian International Islamic Bank.
    (15) According to the Unclassified Report to Congress on the Acquisition of Technology Relating to Weapons of Mass Destruction and Advanced Conventional Munitions Covering 1 January to 31 December 2011, Syria has had a [chemical weapons] program for many years and has a stockpile of CW agents, which can be delivered by aerial bombs, ballistic missiles, and artillery rockets. In a hearing before the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate in March 2012, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Martin Dempsey testified that the magnitude of Syria’s chemical weapons arsenal was 100 times more than we experienced in Libya. The Government of Syria’s stockpiles are thought to include mustard, sarin, and VX gases.
    (16) There are concerns about the existence of numerous rebel militias and their role in Syria during a post-transition period. On June 30, 2012, during an international meeting on Syria in Geneva, Special Envoy Kofi Annan said, A transition must be implemented in a climate of safety for all, stability and calm, including completion of withdrawals and the disarming, demobilization and reintegration of armed groups.
    (17) According to reports, the Government of Iran provides resources and military training to groups such as Jaysh al-Shi’ite. These groups also receive military training from Hezbollah and Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC).
    3. STATEMENT OF POLICY
    It is the policy of the United States—

    (1) to strongly condemn the ongoing violence and widespread human rights violations perpetrated against the Syrian people by the regime of President Bashar al-Assad;
    (2) to support civilians and innocent victims of the conflict in Syria, particularly women and children who are displaced and vulnerable to physical and psychological exploitation;
    (3) to assist the people of Syria in meeting basic needs, including access to food, health care, shelter, and clean drinking water;
    (4) to affirm the neutrality of medical professionals providing humanitarian assistance and health care on a non-political basis and to condemn attacks against such personnel or interference in the provision of medical care;
    (5) to support efforts of democratically oriented political opposition groups in Syria to agree upon a political transition plan that is inclusive and protects the rights of all minority ethnic groups in the country;
    (6) to work with the international community, including multilateral organizations and host countries, to support Syrian refugees in Lebanon, Turkey, Jordan, Egypt, Iraq, and other host countries;
    (7) to welcome the pledges of humanitarian assistance made by the Governments of Australia, Botswana, Brazil, Canada, China, India, Japan, Republic of Korea, Kuwait, Morocco, New Zealand, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, and members of the European Union, and to encourage prompt delivery of those pledges which will contribute to meeting the needs of the victims of this conflict, and to encourage all donors to coordinate with the United Nations;
    (8) to support efforts to identify, recover, and dispose of chemical weapons and other conventional and unconventional weapons stockpiled in Syria;
    (9) that the National Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces (SOC) is the sole and legitimate representative of the Syrian people;
    (10) to support the National Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces (SOC) efforts to establish a transitional government;
    (11) to support transparent and impartial judicial processes, in which Syrians have a leading voice, for all those who have committed gross violations of human rights and international law, while noting that the majority of these violations have been committed by the Assad regime;
    (12) to help ensure that, once a stable transitional government is established in Syria, it is committed to multiparty democracy, open and transparent governance, respect for human rights and religious freedom, protection of refugees and asylees, promoting peace and stability with its neighbors, enhancing the rule of law, and rehabilitating and reintegrating former combatants; and
    (13) to affirm that the end of the Assad regime is in the national security interests of the United States, as it would weaken the position of Iran and Hezbollah in the region and allow for the return of displaced persons currently seeking refuge in host countries.

  2. kruitvat says:

    S. 617: Syria Democratic Transition Act of 2013 (2)
    113th Congress, 2013–2015. Text as of Mar 19, 2013
    https://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/113/s617/text

    4. ASSISTANCE TO THE SYRIAN PEOPLE
    (a) Authority
    The President is authorized, notwithstanding any other provision of law, to furnish, on such terms and conditions as the President may determine, assistance in order to—

    (1) provide enhanced support for humanitarian activities taking place in and outside Syria, including the provision of food, shelter, water, health care, and medical supplies;
    (2) support efforts for a peaceful resolution of the conflict in Syria as well as the establishment of an inclusive representative form of government in Syria;
    (3) continue to encourage the participation of all groups, including women, business leaders, civil society organizations, traditional and religious leaders, and minority groups in efforts for a peaceful resolution of the conflict and political transition in Syria;
    (4) encourage the Arab League and other international bodies to insist that transitional and future governments are committed to multiparty democracy, open and transparent governance, respect for human rights and religious freedom, ending the violence throughout the country, promoting peace and stability with Syria’s neighbors, enhancing the rule of law and combating corruption, and rehabilitating and reintegrating former combatants;
    (5) contribute seed funding to establish a Syria Reconstruction Fund, which would leverage contributions from other international donors and be used for the physical reconstruction and re-establishment of basic services in Syria after the cessation of the conflict and the fall of the Assad regime;
    (6) contribute future capacity building for legitimate governing institutions after a political transition takes place in Syria;
    (7) support post-transition efforts, including programs for demobilizing and reintegrating former combatants; and
    (8) expand the public awareness-raising campaign of the United States Government about United States humanitarian assistance efforts through both English-language and regional traditional media sources, as well as social or new media sources.
    (b) Funding
    (1) Fiscal years 2014 and 2015
    Of the amounts made available to carry out the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 ( 22 U.S.C. 2151 et seq.) for fiscal years 2014 and 2015, such sums as may be necessary should be allocated for bilateral assistance programs in Syria.

    (2) Future funding
    It is the sense of Congress that the Department of State should submit a budget request for fiscal year 2015 that contains an appropriate increase in bilateral and multilateral assistance for Syria based on progress toward accomplishing the policy objectives described in section 3.

    (3) Availability
    Amounts appropriated pursuant to the authorization of appropriations under paragraphs (1) and (2)—

    (A) are authorized to remain available until expended; and
    (B) are in addition to funds otherwise available for such purposes.
    (c) Coordination With Other Donor Nations
    The United States should work with other donor nations, on a bilateral and multilateral basis, to increase international contributions to the people of Syria and accomplish the policy objectives described in section 3 .

    (d) Branding Requirement
    (1) In general
    All assistance made available under this section shall be identified as being From the American People if the relevant Assistant Secretary of State, in consultation with the implementing partner, determines that such identification would not—

    (A) jeopardize the safety or impartiality of implementing partners that deliver the assistance;
    (B) jeopardize the health and safety of the intended beneficiaries;
    (C) compromise the intrinsic independence or neutrality of a program or materials where implementing partner independence or neutrality is inherently important to the success of the effort;
    (D) undermine United States efforts to empower the democratically inclined political opposition; or
    (E) otherwise render the provision of assistance impracticable.
    (2) Rule of construction
    Nothing in this subsection shall be construed as prohibiting the identification of assistance with a contractor or grantee’s own organizational brand or logo, subject to any standards or regulations that the President may establish.

    (e) Notification Requirement
    (1) In general
    In cases where the authority in this section is relied upon to overcome applicable restrictions on the provision of assistance to Syria, obligation of such funds shall be subject to the regular 15-day notification procedures.

    (2) Waiver
    Notification under paragraph (1) may be waived if failure to do so would pose a substantial risk to human health or welfare, in which case notification shall be provided as early as practicable, but in no event later than 3 days after taking the action to which such notification requirement was applicable. The waiver shall be accompanied by an explanation of the emergency circumstances necessitating the waiver.

    5. INCREASING ASSISTANCE TO THE NATIONAL COALITION FOR SYRIAN REVOLUTIONARY AND OPPOSITION FORCES
    (a) Authority
    The President is authorized, notwithstanding any other provision of law, to furnish assistance, and make contributions, in order to—

    (1) increase the provision of training to and build the capacity of the Syrian Opposition Coalition and the Assistance Coordination Unit to enhance their ability to provide basic services to the people of Syria and establish the beginnings of a functioning government;
    (2) provide training in international humanitarian law and the law of armed conflict to members of the Syrian Opposition Coalition and Free Syrian Army;
    (3) provide non-lethal equipment and training, including training and equipment related to chemical weapons and equipment such as body armor, night vision equipment, and communications equipment, to vetted members of the Free Syrian Army, to improve their ability to conduct operations and provide security for convoys of humanitarian assistance inside Syria;
    (4) provide special operations training to vetted members of the Free Syrian Army; and
    (5) allocate additional Department of State personnel to conduct thorough vetting of opposition individuals receiving aid.
    (b) Funding For Fiscal Years 2014 And 2015
    Of the amounts made available to carry out the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 ( 22 U.S.C. 2151 et seq. ) for fiscal years 2014 and 2015, such sums as may be necessary should be allocated to build the capacity of the Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces.

    (c) Notification Requirement
    (1) In general
    In cases where the authority in this section is relied upon to overcome applicable restrictions on the provision of assistance to Syria, obligation of such funds shall be subject to the regular 15-day notification procedures.

    (2) Waiver
    Notification under paragraph (1) may be waived if failure to do so would pose a substantial risk to human health or welfare, in which case notification shall be provided as early as practicable, but in no event later than 3 days after taking the action to which such notification requirement was applicable. The waiver shall be accompanied by an explanation of the emergency circumstances necessitating the waiver.

    6. IMPOSITION AND CONDITIONAL TERMINATION OF SANCTIONS
    (a) Definitions
    In this section:

    (1) Account; correspondent account; payable-through account
    The terms account, correspondent account, and payable-through account have the meanings given those terms in section 5318A of title 31, United States Code.

    (2) Appropriate congressional committees
    The term appropriate congressional committees means—

    (A) the Committee on Finance, the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate; and
    (B) the Committee on Ways and Means, the Committee on Financial Services, and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.

  3. kruitvat says:

    S. 617: Syria Democratic Transition Act of 2013 (3)
    113th Congress, 2013–2015. Text as of Mar 19, 2013
    https://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/113/s617/text

    (3) Foreign financial institution
    The term foreign financial institution has the meaning of that term as determined by the Secretary of the Treasury pursuant to section 104(i) of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8513(i)).

    (b) Imposition Of Sanctions With Respect To The Central Bank Of Syria And Other Syrian Financial Institutions
    (1) In general
    The President should prohibit the opening, and prohibit or impose strict conditions on the maintaining, in the United States of a correspondent account or a payable-through account by a foreign financial institution that the President determines has knowingly conducted any significant arms sale to the Government of Bashar al Assad through the Central Bank of Syria or another Syrian financial institution designated by the Secretary of the Treasury for the imposition of sanctions pursuant to the International Emergency Economic Powers Act ( 50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq. ) or any Syrian individual or entity added after April 28, 2011, and before the date of the enactment of this Act to the Specially Designated Nationals List maintained by the Office of Foreign Assets Control of the Department of the Treasury.

    (2) Exception for humanitarian transactions
    The President may not impose sanctions under paragraph (1) on a foreign financial institution for engaging in a transaction with the Central Bank of Syria for the sale of food, medicine, medical devices, donations intended to relieve human suffering, or non-lethal aid to the people of Syria.

    (3) Applicability
    Paragraph (1) applies with respect to financial transactions commenced on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.

    (4) Waiver
    (A) In general
    The President may waive the application of paragraph (1) with respect to a foreign financial institution for a period of not more than 180 days, and may renew that waiver for additional periods of not more than 180 days, if the President determines and reports to the appropriate congressional committees that the waiver is necessary to the national security interest of the United States.

    (B) Form
    A report submitted pursuant to subparagraph (A) shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a classified annex.

    (c) Termination Of Sanctions
    (1) In general
    The requirements under subsection (b) to impose sanctions shall no longer have force or effect with respect to Syria if the President determines and certifies to the appropriate congressional committees that the termination of such sanctions is in the national security interest of the United States.

    (2) Notification requirement
    Upon making the certification described in paragraph (1) , the President shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report assessing—

    (A) the extent to which Bashar al-Assad or members of his regime control Syrian territory;
    (B) the existence and capability of a democratic transitional government to control Syrian territory and provide basic services to the Syrian people;
    (C) whether the transitional government supports acts of terrorism or has committed human rights violations; and
    (D) whether the transitional government is cooperating with the United States Government in locating, securing, and removing conventional and unconventional weapons.
    7. INCREASING CONTRIBUTIONS AND OTHER HUMANITARIAN AND DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE THROUGH INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
    (a) In General
    The President should instruct the United States permanent representative or executive director, as the case may be, to the United Nations voluntary agencies, including the World Food Program, the United Nations Development Program, United Nations Children’s Fund, and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, and other appropriate international organizations such as the International Committee of the Red Cross to use the voice and vote of the United States to support additional humanitarian and development assistance for the people of Syria in order to accomplish the policy objectives described in section 3. The President is authorized, notwithstanding any other provision of law, to permit the United States to vote and take action in favor of the provision of assistance for Syria at any international financial institution in order to support the transition to peace, democracy, and sustainable development in Syria.

    (b) Notification Requirement
    (1) In general
    In cases where the authority in this section is relied upon to overcome applicable restrictions on the provision of assistance to Syria, obligation of such funds shall be subject to the regular 15-day notification procedures.

    (2) Waiver
    Notification under paragraph (1) may be waived if failure to do so would pose a substantial risk to human health or welfare, in which case notification shall be provided as early as practicable, but in no event later than 3 days after taking the action to which such notification requirement was applicable. The waiver shall be accompanied by an explanation of the emergency circumstances necessitating the waiver.

    8. INCREASING BILATERAL ASSISTANCE TO COUNTRIES THAT HOST SYRIAN REFUGEES
    (a) Authority
    The President should increase bilateral funding to countries, including Iraq, Jordan, Turkey, Egypt, and Lebanon, which have experienced an influx of refugees from Syria.

    (b) Funding For Fiscal Years 2014 And 2015
    Of the amounts made available to carry out the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 ( 22 U.S.C. 2151 et seq. ) for fiscal years 2014 and 2015, such sums as may be necessary should be allocated for bilateral refugee assistance programs in the countries surrounding Syria.

    9. COORDINATION OF INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE FOR SYRIA
    (a) Establishment
    Not later than 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State should work with the appropriate United Nations agencies, the International Committee of the Red Cross, regional organizations, nongovernmental organizations, and the broader international community to convene an international donors group to maximize resources and efficiently provide humanitarian assistance to the people of Syria.

    (b) Purpose
    The Secretary of State should take steps to ensure donor groups coordinate resources for the following activities in Syria and the region:

    (1) Providing humanitarian relief to civilians impacted by the violence in Syria and Syrian refugees in host countries.
    (2) Supporting inclusive post-transitional governance and the establishment of the rule of law.
    (3) Supporting disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration of combatants and members of militias.
    (c) Annual Report
    The Department of State shall submit a report on the specific programs, projects, and activities funded by the donors group and implemented by humanitarian organizations during the preceding year, including an evaluation of the results of such programs, projects, and activities.

    10. SECURING WEAPONS IN SYRIA
    (a) Transition Plan
    The United States should work with regional partners to develop a plan, to be implemented in the event of a political transition, to—

    (1) identify and secure conventional and unconventional weapons stockpiles in Syria;
    (2) recover and dispose of all unconventional weapons stockpiled in Syria, with particular attention to chemical weapons; and
    (3) prevent the illicit sale or transfer of conventional and unconventional weapons out of Syria in order to preclude regional weapons proliferation.
    (b) Sense Of Congress
    It is the sense of Congress that the Department of State should submit a budget request for fiscal year 2014 that contains an increase in bilateral nonproliferation, demining, and anti-terrorism assistance for Syria toward accomplishing the policy objectives described in this section.

    (c) Authority
    The President is authorized, notwithstanding any other provision of law, to furnish, assistance in order to conduct activities in support of the purposes of this section.

    (d) Notification Requirement
    (1) In general
    In cases where the authority in this section is relied upon to overcome applicable restrictions on the provision of assistance to Syria, obligation of such funds shall be subject to the regular 15-day notification procedures.

    (2) Waiver
    Notification under paragraph (1) may be waived if failure to do so would pose a substantial risk to human health or welfare, in which case notification shall be provided as early as practicable, but in no event later than 3 days after taking the action to which such notification requirement was applicable. The waiver shall be accompanied by an explanation of the emergency circumstances necessitating the waiver.

    11. REPORT ON HUMANITARIAN AND STABILIZATION EFFORTS IN SYRIA
    Not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the President shall submit to Congress a detailed report on the implementation of this Act, including a description of—

    (1) progress made as a result of humanitarian and stabilization efforts, including refugee assistance to those affected by the violence in Syria;
    (2) progress made toward establishing an inclusive, democratic government that protects the rights of all Syrians; and
    (3) key challenges, gaps, and obstacles to further enhancing stability and peace in Syria, including between Syria and its neighbors.

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